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Please note that this is the Dragon Ball Universe Wiki's article on the Vegeta-born Saiyan who lives on Earth. If you are looking for the article on Zamasu who has taken the body of Gokū then you should head to Gokū Black. For other uses, see Gokū (disambiguation).

SonGokuEpilogue Kai

Son Gokū


Teen Goku

Son Gokū[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]
Alias Kakarrot (カカロット, Kakarotto; FUNimation "Kakarot")
Epithet Child of Destiny (うんめいども, Unmei no Kodomo; Viz "Fated Child")[10][11]
Legendary Super Saiyan (伝説の超サイヤ人, Densetsu no Sūpā Saiya-jin)[12][13]
Number One (ナンバーワン, Nanbā Wan; Viz "The Champion")[14]
Old Man (おっさん, Ossan)[15]
English Localized Name(s) Son Gokou
VIZ FUNi Son Goku
HAR Zero
Personal Data
Universe 7th Universe Symbol 7th Universe
Galaxy Milky Way, North Galaxies
Residence East Mountain District 439, Earth
Race Saiyan
Birthplace Vegeta
Birthday Age 735[Note 1](Manga only)
Age 737
Gender Male Icon Male
Height 175 cm/5'9" (adult)[16][17]
Weight 62kg/137 lbs. (adult)[16][17]
Voice Actors
English Barbara Goodson(Harmony Gold dub)Stephanie Nadolny(Child)
Sean Schemmel(Teen, Adult)
Colleen Clinkenbeard(Child - Kai)
Steve Blum(Dragon Ball GT: Final Bout)
Japanese Masako Nozawa
Professional Status
Team(s) Dragon Team
7th Universe Team Symbol 7th Universe Team
Future Saviors
Occupation(s) Martial artist
Radish farmer
Partner(s) Vegeta(Majin Bū Arc onward)
Previous Partner(s) Lapis(Universe Survival Arc)
Son Gohan(Cell Arc)
Piccolo(Early Saiyan Arc)
Kulilin(Son Gokū Training Arc)
Bulma(Son Gokū Training Arc)
Oolong(Son Gokū Training Arc)
Trained Son Gohan
Cauliflo(Anime only)
Instructor(s) Son Gohan
Turtle School Symbol Turtle School
God Symbol God
North Kaiō Symbol North Kaiō
Whis Icon Whis
Fusion(s) Vegetto
Gogeta (Movie only)
Headquarters 439th Eastern District, Earth
Previous Headquarters Kame House
Karin Tower
Castle of God
North Kaiō's Planet, Afterlife
First Appearance
Manga Debut Volume #1, Chapter #1
Anime Debut DB001
Movie Debut Movie #1
Game Debut Dragon Ball: Dragon Great Unexplored Region
Image Gallery

Son Gokū (そんくう; more commonly known as Son Goku or Son Gokou), born with the name Kakarrot (カカロット, Kakarotto; FUNimation "Kakarot"), is a Saiyan from the planet Vegeta who was raised on Earth. He transformed into a giant monkey as a child and killed his adoptive grandfather on accident, forcing him to live alone in the wilderness for much of his young life. After meeting Bulma and learning about the mystical Dragon Balls, Gokū's life was forever changed and led to him becoming a legendary martial artist who saved the world many times. In the following years, he became a prodigal warrior who saved the universe from the likes of Freeza, Cell, and Majin Boo in his journey to become the strongest fighter alive.


Gokū speaks in the Tōhoku (東北) dialect of Japanese, specifically, a hokuetsu (北越) sub-dialect of Tōhoku. Speaking in this manner gives him what can be referred to as a "hick-dialect"; i.e. words spoken are either slurred, drawn out, or completely different words can be substituted in their place. Gokū uses fairly standard grammar, but does not pronounce things in the standard manner. When referring to himself, Gokū uses the pronoun ore (俺), a masculine, casual pronoun befitting his attitude. However, due to Gokū's uneducated upbringing, he mispronounces ore as ora (おら) instead; this habit is carried over into other words as well.[18]

Much of Gokū's original personality remains unknown. As a child, he was rowdy and violent, though how much of this was a result of his Saiyan attitude or simply being separated from his parents at the age of three remains to be seen. Son Gohan noted the boy to be very violent for his age, but he seemed to be calmed to a degree by food.[19] Much of Gokū's violent personality however, was lost when he fell down a gorge and suffered a horrible head injury, which would lead to amnesia that would never be cured throughout his life, and change him from violent and aggressive to kind and sweet.[20] Even so, he still retains some of his Saiyan characteristics. One being he loves to fight powerful opponents. He also has the Saiyan pride, refusing to have unfair advantages over opponents.

In his boyhood Goku retained an innocent and a compassionate where he enjoyed nature and the company of other animals. Gokū was naïve to the outside world, unaware of human customs and barely aware of the idea of multiple genders. What he knew of the world outside Mount Paozu, he had learned from the stories his grandfather had told him. Despite this, he was innocent and well-meaning, and learning from Gohan had given Gokū a basic idea of right and wrong. Despite this naïveté, Gokū wasn't a trusting child immediately, something Bulma was quick to pick up when she first met the boy. Gohan’s customs also made Gokū very discipline in his martial arts training where he trained every morning after a good night of sleep. Goku was very unknowing in the concept of death and was unable to grasp the acceptance of Gohan’s death.

One of Gokū's most notable character traits that would persist well into his adulthood is his love of competition; Gokū has always enjoyed the thrill of a challenge, be it fighting against a new opponent, or taking on a new training regime. Tying into his love of competition is preferring a fair fight. Though this is a trait more common as an adult than as a child, Gokū prefers to fight fair when the option is available, going as far as to show mercy to even the most hated enemies, such as sparing Freeza's life on two separate occasions, letting Vegeta and Piccolo go free, and giving Cell a Senzu Bean. Despite this, Gokū is capable of pragmatism when the situations calls for it.

Gokū is also one of the series paragon examples of the good side of 'purity'. Within Gokū's heart lurks no evil, merely innocence; a fact that makes him immune to things that would manipulate such negative traits, such as the Akumight Beam and Babidi's unique brand magic. Being pure, however, does not mean Gokū is above killing. As a child, he lacked the restraint to avoid killing enemies, even utilizing threats on their life to save his friends. As a Saiyan, Gokū is fueled by his emotions, particular anger and rage; when Kulilin was killed by Tambourine, Gokū flew into a rage, and went after the killer in a furious attempt to avenge his best friend.

Possibly stemming from being falling on his head as a baby, Gokū displays characteristics of someone with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, often acting on impulse and not taking other people's reactions into consideration of his actions as well as doing certain actions when the timing is not appropriate.


  • Gokū's appearance as debuted in the series.
  • Gokū's trademark outfit across the series.
  • Gokū in Revival of "F" and the Hakaishin Champa Arc.
  • Gokū in the Epilogue in Dragon Ball.
  • Gokū in the anime-only Dragon Ball GT.

Gokū is the spitting image of his father, Bardock, possessing an identical black hairstyle unique to himself and his father,[21] however, has a softer face akin to his mother, Gine. Gokū's hair hasn't changed since he was born, a trait common to Saiyans, and has the unique trait of never changing how it looks no matter the angle he stands. On his head rests a scar, invisible due to his hair, from his fall as a child. His attire consists of martial arts gi in varying shades of either purple, orange, or blue. As a child, his first gi was coloured purple. The gi primarily featured the either Kame-Sennin, God, North Kaiō, or Gokū's own symbol emblazoned on the chest and the back. It would be later in his life, after his misadventures on planet Namek that Gokū would forego any symbol on his gi. During Dragon Ball Z: Revival of "F", Gokū opted for an alternate version of his orange gi that lacked an undershirt, and had Whis' 'autogpraph' written on his chest.[22] Gokū's final, chronological appearance change consisted of dark green gi (a turquoise and blue-green gi in the anime), worn ten years after the defeat of Majin Boo.

As with the gi itself, Gokū's armbands and footwear were subject to change depending on his current gi. As a child, he wore red armbands, a white obi, and black shoes. He began to wear blue armbands when he switched to the familiar orange gi he donned after training with Kame-Sennin. After training with God, Gokū's new gi came with a thick, weighted blue undershirt, and dark blue boots, with yellow lining, tied together with red laces. His new gi from Revival of "F" ditched the undershirt entirely, donned thick, blue armbands, and light blue boots with gray armored tips. His final change in attire gave him yellow armbands, a white obi, and black shoes with yellow wraps.

Gokū has the distinction of being the only pure-blooded Saiyan to be shown aging from an child to adult within the Dragon Ball series, and because of this, his physical appearance has changed drastically (although some of this could be attributed to Toriyama's evolving and changing art style within the series itself). As a teenager of 14 [Note 3] Gokū was only the height and physical build of an average human child around the ages of 7 or 8. With the exception of a slight addition to height and muscular build around the age of 17,[Note 4] Gokū's appearance remains nearly the same for most of his early life.

The biggest change in Gokū's physical appearance came three years after the defeat of Piccolo Daimaō — with Gokū now at age 20. He underwent a massive growth spurt, shooting up to the average height of an adult human male. He would also permanently lose his tail, something God removed out of concern for the Earth.[23] As Gokū continued to age, he would later undergo slightly more physical changes (again, many of which can be considered changes to Toriyama's own art style rather than Gokū's physical maturity), including more defined physical features, and a noted increase in muscle tone. Very briefly, after training in the Room of Spirit and Time with Vegeta for three years, Gokū grew facial hair, specifically a mustache and beard, though it was soon shaved.[24]

Creation and Conception

The name "Gokū" means "awakened to emptiness"; the Go syllable means "Enlightenment," and the syllable "Emptiness," and can be read as "Sky". In the Freeza Arc, while training in the Capsule Corporation spaceship, it is seen that his name is written with a "h", Gokūh, when he has to go to repair the ship. Gokū's full name, Son Gokū, is the Japanese name for Sun Wukong, the main protagonist in the Chinese legend Journey to the West (西遊記, Saiyūki), on whom Gokū is loosely based. The Dragon Ball universe began as a loose adaptation of the classic Chinese novel Journey to the West, with Gokū starting off as more or less a parody of Sun Wukong the Monkey King. Similarities between the two include Gokū's prone for mischief as a child (due to his innocence), possession of Nyoibō (Sun Wukong's staff that can fill the entire universe), and Kintoun (the magical cloud the Great Sage rode on in Journey to the West). As the Dragon Ball manga continued its run, he was able to develop differently, eventually turning out to have similar origins.[25]

Gokū's design was based on Tanton, of Toriyama's prototype manga Dragon Boy and Tongpoo, from his other manga The Adventures of Tongpoo. When Akira Toriyama started his first draft of Dragon Ball he originally planned on making Gokū full monkey to make it faithful to Journey to the West. During Toriyama's second draft he wanted to make Gokū a full human dressed in sailor clothes that rode a flight mecha instead of the Kintoun.[25] Toriyama's third and final draft of Gokū was to have him human looking with a monkey tail.

Toriyama's decision to make Gokū age into adulthood was fueled by the fact that, as a child, his head/body ratio made fighting difficult, so if the series was going to remain focused on battles, Gokū would have to grow. His editors were initially against the decision, but Toriyama sent them a sketch, and by the time he heard back from his editors, he'd already begun a rough draft that was too late to change.[26]


  • Gokū's Saiyan birth name, Kakarrot, is a pun on "carrot". Likewise, all pure-blood Saiyans that appear in the series are named using vegetable-related puns. Gokū's family are all named after root vegetables (burdock, negi, radish, and carrot). Comically, in Dragon Ball, Gokū says he hates carrots when fighting against Toninjinka.
  • Despite the fact that Gokū is referred to only by his first name, "Gokū", in the English dub of the anime, many characters in the Japanese dub refer to him as "Son" or "Son-kun", with those who call him "Gokū" being few and far between. Gokū's own surname is rarely mentioned in any English dub of the series.
  • Gokū writes his name in Hiragana.[27]
  • Son Gokū is one of only two characters so far to be considered a candidate to succeed the Hakaishin of his Universe; the other being Toppo of the 11th Universe.


FUNimation Japanese
  • (To his grandpa Son Gohan) "I'm so happy to see you grandpa! I've missed you so much!"
  • (To Piccolo Daimaō) "It's time for your terror to the end!!!"
  • (To Raditz) "That's enough! Even if it is true and I'm some kind of alien from another planet, or even if you really are my older brother, it doesn't matter, anyone who'd do the horrible things you say is no brother of mine! My name is Gokū, and this is my home... and you're not welcome here!"
  • (To Freeza) "You haven't figured it out yet? I'm a proud Saiyan who calls Earth home, and I'm here to defeat you. I am the warrior you've heard of in legend, pure of heart and awakened by fury. That's what I am. I AM THE SUPER SAIYAN, SON GOKŪ!"
  • (To Dr.Gero and No. 19) "You might think you know everything there is to know about me... but really, you're not even close."
  • (Encouraging Gohan to defeat Cell) "Remember all the pain he's caused, the people he's hurt... Now make that your power!!!"
  • (To Majin Boo before throwing the Genki Dama) "Adios. I'll be waiting for you, Majin Boo!"
  • (To Beerus during their battle) "I will not let you destroy my world!"
  • (To Freeza) "You already know don’t you? I am a Saiyan who came from Earth in order to defeat you. The legendary warrior whose calm heart was awakened by violent rage. THE SUPER SAIYAN, SON GOKŪ!"

Notes & References


  1. Dragon Ball Minus, page 9 and Jaco the Galactic Patrolman, page 216 confirmed to have been sent to Earth as age 3 in Dragon Ball Minus; Bulma was 5 at the time. Bulma, who is 16 when the series starts, is therefore two years older than Gokū.
  2. In the original manga, Gokū only knows the technique in theory and has never used it with anyone, merely teaching it to Goten and Trunks. Only in the movies and Dragon Ball GT did Gokū use the technique himself.
  3. Dragon Ball Minus, page 9 and Jaco the Galactic Patrolman, page 216 confirmed to have been sent to Earth as age 3 in Dragon Ball Minus; Bulma was 5 at the time. Bulma, who is 16 when the series starts, is therefore two years older than Gokū.
  4. Gokū's age was 14 at the start of the series, and a three year time-skip had occur ed between Fortuneteller Baba Saga and Tenshinhan Saga, thus making him 17 when he competed in the 22nd Tenkaichi Budōkai.


  1. Daizenshū 2, page 134
  2. Daizenshū 3, pages 124-125
  3. Daizenshū 4, page 41
  4. Daizenshū 5, page 108
  5. Daizenshū 6, page 188
  6. Daizenshū 7, page 79
  7. Daizenshū 10, pages 114-116
  8. Dragon Ball Volume "F", page 10
  9. Super Exciting Guide Character Guide, page 10
  10. Dragon Ball Minus title page
  11. Dragon Ball Minus, page 16
  12. Dragon Ball chapter 280, page 2
  13. Dragon Ball chapter 307, page 13
  14. Dragon Ball chapter 510
  15. Dragon Ball Super episode 100
  16. 16.0 16.1 Daizenshū 7
  17. 17.0 17.1 Dragon Ball Super Exciting Guide: Character Volume
  18. “Ossu! Ora Goku!” Explained
  19. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named JGP211
  20. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named C197
  21. Dragon Ball Minus, page 10
  22. Dragon Ball Z: Revival of "F" chapter 2, page 13
  23. Dragon Ball chapter 166
  24. Dragon Ball Super episode 32
  25. 25.0 25.1 Daizenshū 2
  26. Dragon Ball 30th Anniversary “Super History Book” (21 January 2016); Akira Toriyama Interview
  27. Dragon Ball Super chapter 8, page 8

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